Denlinger et al., Investigational New Drugs (2021)
OnlineFirst version published July 11, 2021 (Open Access)
Background. Overactivation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 (HER3) triggers multiple intracellular pathways resulting in tumor cell survival. This Phase 1 study assessed the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of seribantumab, a fully human anti-HER3 monoclonal antibody.
Methods. Adult patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors were treated in six dose cohorts of seribantumab: 3.2, 6, 10, 15, or 20 mg/kg weekly, or 40 mg/kg loading dose followed by 20 mg/kg weekly maintenance dose (40/20 mg/kg) using a modified 3 + 3 dose escalation strategy with cohort expansion. Primary objectives were identification of a recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) and determination of objective response rate. Secondary objectives were assessment of safety, dose-limiting toxicities, and PK.
Results. Forty-four patients (26 dose escalation; 18 dose expansion) were enrolled. Seribantumab monotherapy was well tolerated with most adverse events being transient and mild to moderate (grade 1 or 2) in severity; maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The highest dose, 40/20 mg/kg, was identified as RP2D. Best response was stable disease, reported in 24% and 39% of patients during the dose escalation and expansion portions of the study, respectively. Seribantumab terminal half-life was ≈100 h; steady state concentrations were reached after 3–4 weekly doses.
Conclusion. Seribantumab monotherapy was well tolerated across all dose levels. Safety and PK data from this study support further seribantumab investigations in genomically defined populations.